Building economic resilience in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, cascading crises and increasing geoeconomic instability  remains a daunting challenge, with significant implications for developing countries in reaching the Sustianable Development Goals (SDGs) and acheiving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This depends fundamentally on the ability of countries to create and harness productive capacities to realize development goals. Achieving these ambitious targets requires a shift from fragmented policy measures to systematic approaches to analyzing and building resilient productive capacities.

In 2006, UNCTAD defined productive capacities as the factors of production, entrepreneurial capabilities, and production linkages which, in combination, determine the capacities of economies to produce goods and services. Fostering such capacities is critical for developing countries to achieve inclusive and sustainable socioeconomic development.

UNCTAD’s Productive Capacities Index (PCI) makes an important contribution to these efforts. It provides policymakers with a practical tool to assess productive capacities and their evolution over time. The index can help identify competitive advantages or areas where countries may be falling behind, spotlighting where policies are working and where corrective efforts are needed. It suggests a roadmap for future policy actions and interventions under each of its eight components: human capital, natural capital, energy, information technology, structural change, transport, institutions, and the private sector.

The High-level Advisory Board on the PCI

The Board will support UNCTAD in its endeavor to develop an enhanced work programme on productive capacities, including periodically updating or revising the PCI, and contribute to its articulation and analysis at policy, statistical and academic fora.

21 February 2024
2:40 pm

Palais des Nations Geneva

Link to the conference